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China Discount Hotel offers Xian travel guilin travel Beijing travel package services and information  including local tour Beijing tour Xian tour Guilin tour and sightseeing to assist you in your travel planning in China. Beijing and Guangzhou (Canton) destinations are added to give you a first-stop service for your China travel.

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Xian dumpling dinner

Send Flower to China

Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum
 (Qin dynasty, 221-206 B.C.) 


In 221 B.C., Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty established the first centralized feudal dynasty in China. After his death, he was buried at the northern foot of Lishan Hill in the east of Lintong county. The tomb has been reduced to half its size after 2,000 years of water and soil erosion, but still impressive--76 meters high and a fundamental space of 120,000 square meters. One unusual detail about the construction of the tomb is that the emperor had the building begin shortly after becoming king of Qin at the age of 13. This action contradicted Confucian wisdom that a son should demonstrate respect for his father by building as impressive a memorial as possible and that a man should never plan his own funeral rites. The tomb took 39 years and 700,000 workers to reach completion. It had pearls embedded in the ceiling to represent the stars, and rivers and lakes were modeled with liquid mercury. The tomb itself has not been opened yet. 

In 1974, when digging wells about a mile west of the mausoleum, some peasants made the sensational discovery of the Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses; these figures were distributed over three large underground platforms and formed part
of the emperor's burial objects. Likely numbering more than 7,000 warriors if the site were completely excavated, the figures are cultural assets of considerable quality. In order to avoid the risks of weather damage, a giant hall has been constructed over the first excavation site to provide protection. Although the faces of the individual warriors all have different expressions, it is known that some were mass produced in large workshops. In 1978, a fourth pit was discovered; it is shaped as the Chinese character zhong. In 1980, two bronze chariots with four horses were discovered. 

There are four main categories of figures: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are generals, middle ranking officers, lower ranking officers, ordinary soldiers, and armored warriors.
 The latter can be further divided according to their headgear into warriors with a square scarf, a cylindrical bun, or a flat bun. There are kneeling warriors as well. In 221 B.C., Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty established the first centralized feudal dynasty in China. After his death, he was buried at the northern foot of Lishan Hill in the east of Lintong county. The tomb has been reduced to half its size after 2,000 years of water and soil erosion, but still impressive--76 meters high and a fundamental space of 120,000 square meters. One unusual detail about the construction of the tomb is that the emperor had the building begin shortly after becoming king of Qin at the age of 13. This action contradicted Confucian wisdom that a son should demonstrate respect for his father by building as impressive a memorial as possible and that a man should never plan his own funeral rites. The tomb took 39 years and 700,000 workers to reach completion. It had pearls embedded in the ceiling to represent the stars, and rivers and lakes were modeled with liquid mercury. The tomb itself has not been opened yet. 

In 1974, when digging wells about a mile west of the mausoleum, some peasants made the sensational discovery of the Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses; these figures were distributed over three large underground platforms and formed part of the emperor's burial objects. Likely numbering more than 7,000 warriors if the site were completely excavated, the figures are cultural assets of considerable quality. In order to avoid the risks of weather damage, a giant hall has been constructed over the first excavation site to provide protection. Although the faces of the individual warriors all have different expressions, it is known that some were mass produced in large workshops. In 1978, a fourth pit was discovered; it is shaped as the Chinese character zhong. In 1980, two bronze chariots with four horses were discovered. 

There are four main categories of figures: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are generals, middle ranking officers, lower ranking officers, ordinary soldiers, and armored warriors. The latter can be further divided according to their headgear into warriors with a square scarf, a cylindrical bun, or a flat bun. There are kneeling warriors as well. 

Huaqing Hot Spring

Huaqing Hot Spring is located at the foothill of Lishan ("Mt. Li") in LinTong, about 35 kilometers east of Xi’an. Huaqing Hot Spring was enlarged into a bigger palace on the site of a stone pool, named Lishan Tang during the Tang Dynasty by the order of Emperor Tai Zong. It was then named “Huaqing Palace”.

Huaqing Hot Spring was destroyed at the end of the Tang Dynasty by the war. What we see today is only a small part of the original Huaqing Palace and is rebuilt on the site of the original Qing Dynasty structure. The Huaqing Hot Spring occupies an area of 85,560 square meters.

There are many famous structures around the Huaqing Hot Spring, such as the Nine-Dragon Pool, the Lotus Flower Pool, and the Frost Drifting Hall. Emperor Tang Ming (618 - 907A.D.) and his lover Lady Yang spent their winters in the Frost Drifting Hall.

The Museum of the Imperial Pool was built on the ruins of the Tang-Dynasty Huaqing Palace and was opened to the public in 1990. All of the structures are in the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty. The archaeologists found the ruins of five pools in the remains of the Tang-Dynasty Huaqing Palace. They were recorded in the history as the Star Pool, the Lotus Flower Pool, the Crabapple Pool, the Crown Prince Pool and the Shangshi Pool. The Lotus Flower Pool, also called the Imperial Nine Dragon Pool, was built for the emperor. The Crabapple Pool was specially built by the order of the Emperor Xuan Zong for his favorite Lady Yang Yuhuan to bathe. The Crown Prince Pool, as its name suggests, was built for the crown prince. The Shangshi Pool was for ministers and officials, while the Star Pool was believed to be have been built much earlier.

The earliest source of the hot spring was discovered about 3,000 years ago in the Western Zhou Dynasty. The spring water contains many kinds of minerals like lime, sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate, with a temperature of 43℃, is suitable for bathing, and is beneficial for diseases such as dermatitis, rheumatism and muscular pain. In winter, the local people are fond of spending time in these hot waters.

THE CITY WALL

Many dynasties have built city walls for their capitals. The present city wall is the renovation of the Tang's Forbidden City during the Ming dynasty. There are watch towers and gate towers on top of the city wall. At the bottom of the wall, there is a city moat and round park of unique styles and features.

If you need any help for the xian local tour, please feel free to contact us via travel@chinadiscounthotel.com

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